The better use of raw materials in the textile industry has become very important in recent years due to growing environmental awareness, legal requirements for more sustainability and the cost of raw materials. As a result, more research and development are being done in various areas of raw material recycling.
In the context of sustainability, recycle cotton is a hot topic among manufacturers, brands, and merchants.
Recycled cotton reduces waste and might be a more environmentally friendly option to disposal. It can come from secondhand garments, as well as textile waste or leftovers that are spun into new yarns and subsequently into fabric. In general cotton recycling may be divided into two categories: pre-consumer cotton and post-consumer cotton.
Cotton waste from yarn manufacturing, fabric, garment cutting rooms, and other sources that aren’t used for apparel is referred to as pre-consumer cotton. Cotton from worn clothing, upholstery, towels, and other home products is known as post-consumer cotton. Pre-consumer waste accounts for most of the source.
Process of Recycling Cotton
The textile wastes are first separated by color. After that, they're shredded into yarn and then raw fiber by a machine. This is one of the most delicate stages since fibers are likely to breaker tangling. Finally, the acquired yarns are spun into reels and utilized in the manufacture of new clothing.
WHAT ARE THE PROPERTIES OF RECYCLED COTTON?
· Soft, lightweight, and easy to washSoft, lightweight, and easy to wash
· Breathable, durable, and quick drying
· High absorbency (which makes it ideal for home or industrial cleaning cloths)
· Biodegradable and recyclable which means it has a lower environmental impact than synthetic yarn
Environmental Impacts of Recycled Cotton
It reduces the amount of textile waste. It is estimated that 15 million tons of textile waste per year collected in landfill. What's more, 95% of textiles that end up in landfills might be recycled.
Cotton is a water-hungry plant, and there are already concrete evidence concerning its impact. A single cotton t-shirt uses 2,700 liters of water to make. Using recycled cotton significantly reduces the amount of water used in the clothing production process.
Cotton farming is estimated to be responsible for 11% of global pesticide usage. There is no need to use as many fertilizers as possible, herbicides, or insecticides when utilizing recycled cotton.
Less carbon emissions
Dyeing-related carbon emissions and water pollution are reduced. Textile dyeing is the world's second-largest water polluter, with the waste from the process sometimes deposited in ditches or rivers. There is no need an extra dyeing process when utilizing recycled cotton fibers since the finished hue is the same as the trash.