Functional Yarn Manufacturing

Dec 19, 2022
Functional Yarn Manufacturing

The yarn, fibre, and thread manufacturing market consists of sales of yarn, fibre, and thread by entities (organizations, sole traders, and partnerships) that manufacture spinning yarn from fibres and threads for sewing, crocheting, embroidery, and other applications.

The main types of yarn, fibre, and thread manufactured are regular yarn, fibre and thread, and special yarn, fibre, and thread. Regular yarn thread is a thread that is mostly used for sewing. The various applications include quilting, sew and stitch, embroidery, which are used by various end users such as apparel, footwear and accessories, home interiors, and others.

The global yarn, fiber, and thread manufacturing market size is expected to grow from $100.93 billion in 2021 to $112.39 billion in 2022 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 11.3%. The global yarn, fiber, and thread manufacturing market size is expected to grow to $144.3 billion in 2026 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.4%.

The growth in the yarn, fibre, and thread manufacturing market is due to emerging market growth, rising disposable income, and technological development. Disposable income refers to the amount of money that an individual or household has to spend or save after income taxes have been deducted. Yarn is a thread used for the production of fabrics and needlecrafts. For instance, in 2021, according to the Bureau of Statistics of China, a China-based government agency data, disposable personal income in China increased to 47412 CNY in 2021 from 43834 CNY in 2020. Therefore, rising disposable income is driving the growth of the yarn, fibre, and thread manufacturing markets.

The demand for synthetic fibres is mainly driven by increasing applications of synthetic fibres in the apparel and construction industries. Synthetic fibres give specific characteristics such as thermal insulation and low soiling characteristics, which can be modified for a wide range of products such as tablecloths, napkins, curtains, and carpets. They are also being used in new areas of application, such as roof insulation and geotextiles for the stability of roads, walls, and dams. Examples of synthetic fibres include nylon, rayon, polyester, polyethylene, polypropylene, and acetate.

Major players in the global yarn, fibre, and thread manufacturing market include Toray Industries Inc, Indorama Corporation Pte Ltd, Weiqiao Textile Company Limited, Far Eastern New Century, and Unifi Inc.

Asia-Pacific was the largest region in the yarn, fibre, and thread manufacturing market in 2021. The regions covered in the global yarn, fibre, and thread manufacturing market report are Asia-Pacific, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, North America, South America, the Middle East, and Africa.

The countries covered in the yarn, fibre, and thread manufacturing market are Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, UAE, UK, USA, Venezuela, and Vietnam.

The global yarn, fiber and thread manufacturing market is segmented -

1) By Type: Regular Yarn, Fiber and Thread, and Special Yarn

2) By End User: Apparel Footwear and Accessories, Home Interior, Others

3) By Application: Quilting, Sew and Stitch, Embroidery

A highly advanced type of yarn that shows the unique combination of mechanical and functional properties is called Functional Yarn. Wet winding or round spinning, air blow-through spinning, and open-end spinning are different ways of manufacturing the functional yarn. Different brands have trademarked a wide variety of functional yarns which is a gift towards the mankind.

The functional yarns would always contribute to add value to the ordinary conventional yarn. They can add value in terms of showing unique qualities or contributing to the sustainability of the environment. Researchers of famous yarn making brands have found that the functional yarns made from recycled PET bottles can reduce up to 60% Carbon di Oxide emission.

Antibacterial yarns are like protective shields from bacteria. Such yarn can be used in clothes to keep people safe from getting affected by any bacteria. Metal oxides are used in the yarn as bacteria or fungi absorber. This makes the yarn sterilized and anti-bacterial. This effective metal oxide component is added to the surface of the core fiber during spinning. The metal oxides are not taken from any heavy metal such as, Ag or Silver, Hg or Mercury, Pb or Lead and Cr or Chromium. The core fiber is specially treated to reduce contamination of viruses even after repeated laundering. The antibacterial rate remains 99% even after 30 times washing.

There is cotton yarn with quick drying function. The fiber is processed in a special way which contributes in its drying process. Specific surface area of the fiber is increased through processing and the fiber is also given a micro groove. This functional yarn results in achieving the function of rapid perspiration, moisture absorption and sweat releasing. This yarn is the perfect combination for quick drying under any circumstances.

Cool clothing during hot suffocating summer days is the requirement of everyone. Therefore, special jade powder is added to the fiber to reach such a cool effect in the cool yarn which keeps the temperature of the yarn and clothing 1 to 2 degree Celsius comparing with regular yarn.

Elasticity is mandatory in the clothing. More elasticity would result in more comfort as stiff and tightened clothing cause very much discomfort. Proper elasticity retains the comfort as well as the proper shape of the garments. Such function is found in Nylon Mechanical Stretch yarn because of manufacturing the yarn with special molecular arrangement of the fiber.

Flame retardant or heat resistant yarn is a very important sort of functional yarn because these are used in life-saving protective equipment. Fire retardant Meta aramid fibers are used for producing fireproof thread. Such fibers are 2.5 times stronger than nylon or polyester material. The yarn doesn’t stretch or melt and starts charring at 600-degree Fahrenheit while 700-degree Fahrenheit can decompose it eventually. Fire retardant fabric, fire proof mat, fire proof bag can be manufactured with this kind of functional yarn.

Functional yarn named conductive thread are used for conductive effect on conductive textile. Conductive gloves made with conductive thread can make our lives easier by conducting our touch signal on the screens of our smartphones. Such wonderful functional yarn can be manufactured just using spun polyester, filament polyester or nylon thread twisted with conductive materials such as, stainless steel filament, spun stainless steel, silver plated, copper fiber, carbon fiber or any other conductive fibers.

Luminous functional yarn glows in the darkness which is very much popular among joggers. Such yarns can also be used in making clothing for kids or belts for pets so that the innocent babies and animals can be easily found if lost in the dark. Being washable, eco-friendly and not harmful to living creatures are the reasons for this yarn being chosen in the manufacturing of products for kids and pet animals as people are really sensitive about these members in the family. These threads which glow in the dark are manufactured with added advanced luminescent material with polyester for being used in special embroidery.

Color changing functional yarns are very much attractive to the buyers because the yarn switching colors and giving different look through the clothing intrigues them. Some color changing functional yarn changes color because of different temperature. Such yarns are made with two pigments. The pigments show their colors at lower temperature and become colorless at high temperature.

There is another type of color changing yarn which changes its color in UV rays. Such color sensitive yarns change colors whenever they are exposed under the sun and comes in contact with the UV rays. Therefore, the garment would reflect one color during the day and another color in the night.

A very widely used functional yarn is water proof yarn which gives protection from unwanted water exposure. These yarns are used for waterproof clothing, shoes, bags, tents, outdoor supplies and other waterproof fabrics. Such clothes are mandatory during monsoons and whenever someone is required to save themselves from exposure of water.

COATS Group plc, is launching its newest sustainable product Eco-B powered by CiCLO® technology to reduce microfibre plastic pollution.

TEPAR REPREVE Our Ocean can be combined with technologies such as moisture management, thermal comfort and engineered stretch. And you can embed more than one technology into most fibers for edgeto-edge performance.

THERMOLITE® INFRARED technology is an innovative solution that is solar activated by the sun, or artificial light sources, using a unique blend of near infrared (NIR) yarns with proprietary additives. The yarns absorb the NIR rays to raise the temperature of the garment, while the system’s integrated highquality insulation traps air and minimizes heat loss.

Resistex® Silver is a special yarn that bases its peculiarities on the many beneficial and healing qualities of silver. Born from years of research and studies conducted in Tecnofilati’s testing laboratories, Resistex® Silver is an exclusive and innovative yarn based on 99.9% pure silver Silver is able to eliminate a large spectrum of microbes, acting on the cell wall of microorganisms. Helps in reducing bad smells caused by some microbes. It protects the body from the absorption of static energy, electrosmog and UV rays.

The Resistex® Bioceramic yarn is used for the production of fabrics that, thanks to the presence of the minerals con-tained within it, are able to absorb and reflect the heat of the human body, allowing an advanced form of photo-treatment as it does not require a source of active light, but uses the reflected light generated by the body heat. Once stimulated by heat, the minerals present in the yarn reflect high levels of light in the bio-infrared band (F.I.R) that pene-trate the cutaneous and subcutaneous layers and interact with the water molecules and with the organic compounds present in the tissues.

Eco-B is a recycled polyester thread, incorporating an additive from CiCLO® to reduce synthetic fibre accumulation in landfills and oceans. The technology creates biodegradable ‘spots’ in the polymer matrix, where naturally-occurring microbes in certain environments can break down the plastics just as they do with natural fibres.



Posted by Abiteks


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